Multi-tissue metabolic and transcriptomic responses to a short-term heat stress in swine.

TitleMulti-tissue metabolic and transcriptomic responses to a short-term heat stress in swine.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsHuau, G, Liaubet, L, Gourdine, J-L, Riquet, J, Renaudeau, D
JournalBMC Genomics
Date Published2024 Jan 23
KeywordsAnimals, Gene Expression Profiling, Heat Stress Disorders, Liver, Metabolomics, Swine, Thermotolerance, Transcriptome

BACKGROUND: Heat stress (HS) is an increasing threat for pig production with a wide range of impacts. When submitted to high temperatures, pigs will use a variety of strategies to alleviate the effect of HS. While systemic adaptations are well known, tissue-specific changes remain poorly understood. In this study, thirty-two pigs were submitted to a 5-day HS at 32 °C.

RESULTS: Transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses were performed on several tissues. The results revealed differentially expressed genes and metabolites in different tissues. Specifically, 481, 1774, 71, 1572, 17, 164, and 169 genes were differentially expressed in muscle, adipose tissue, liver, blood, thyroid, pituitary, and adrenal glands, respectively. Regulatory glands (pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal) had a lower number of regulated genes, perhaps indicating an earlier sensitivity to HS. In addition, 7, 8, 2, and 8 metabolites were differentially produced in muscle, liver, plasma, and urine, respectively. The study also focused on the oxidative stress pathway in muscle and liver by performing a correlation analysis between genes and metabolites.

CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified various adaptation mechanisms in swine that enable them to cope with heat stress (HS). These mechanisms include a global decrease in energetic metabolism, as well as changes in metabolic precursors that are linked with protein and lipid catabolism and anabolism. Notably, the adaptation mechanisms differ significantly between regulatory (pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands) and effector tissues (muscle, adipose tissue, liver and blood). Our findings provide new insights into the comprehension of HS adaptation mechanisms in swine.

Alternate JournalBMC Genomics
PubMed ID38262957
PubMed Central IDPMC10804606