Restriction site-associated DNA sequencing technologies as an alternative to low-density SNP chips for genomic selection: a simulation study in layer chickens.

TitleRestriction site-associated DNA sequencing technologies as an alternative to low-density SNP chips for genomic selection: a simulation study in layer chickens.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsHerry, F, Hérault, F, Lecerf, F, Lagoutte, L, Doublet, M, Picard-Druet, D, Bardou, P, Varenne, A, Burlot, T, Le Roy, P, Allais, S
JournalBMC Genomics
Date Published2023 May 19
KeywordsAnimals, Chickens, Genome, Genomics, Genotype, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Sequence Analysis, DNA

BACKGROUND: To reduce the cost of genomic selection, a low-density (LD) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip can be used in combination with imputation for genotyping selection candidates instead of using a high-density (HD) SNP chip. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques have been increasingly used in livestock species but remain expensive for routine use for genomic selection. An alternative and cost-efficient solution is to use restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq) techniques to sequence only a fraction of the genome using restriction enzymes. From this perspective, use of RADseq techniques followed by an imputation step on HD chip as alternatives to LD chips for genomic selection was studied in a pure layer line.

RESULTS: Genome reduction and sequencing fragments were identified on reference genome using four restriction enzymes (EcoRI, TaqI, AvaII and PstI) and a double-digest RADseq (ddRADseq) method (TaqI-PstI). The SNPs contained in these fragments were detected from the 20X sequence data of the individuals in our population. Imputation accuracy on HD chip with these genotypes was assessed as the mean correlation between true and imputed genotypes. Several production traits were evaluated using single-step GBLUP methodology. The impact of imputation errors on the ranking of the selection candidates was assessed by comparing a genomic evaluation based on ancestry using true HD or imputed HD genotyping. The relative accuracy of genomic estimated breeding values (GEBVs) was investigated by considering the GEBVs estimated on offspring as a reference. With AvaII or PstI and ddRADseq with TaqI and PstI, more than 10 K SNPs were detected in common with the HD SNP chip, resulting in an imputation accuracy greater than 0.97. The impact of imputation errors on genomic evaluation of the breeders was reduced, with a Spearman correlation greater than 0.99. Finally, the relative accuracy of GEBVs was equivalent.

CONCLUSIONS: RADseq approaches can be interesting alternatives to low-density SNP chips for genomic selection. With more than 10 K SNPs in common with the SNPs of the HD SNP chip, good imputation and genomic evaluation results can be obtained. However, with real data, heterogeneity between individuals with missing data must be considered.

Alternate JournalBMC Genomics
PubMed ID37208589
PubMed Central IDPMC10199523