Maternal dietary methionine restriction alters the expression of energy metabolism genes in the duckling liver.

TitleMaternal dietary methionine restriction alters the expression of energy metabolism genes in the duckling liver.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsSecula, A, Chapuis, H, Collin, A, Bluy, LE, Bonnet, A, Bodin, L, Gress, L, Cornuez, A, Martin, X, Bonnefont, CMD, Morisson, M
JournalBMC Genomics
Date Published2022 May 30
KeywordsAnimals, Ducks, Energy Metabolism, Female, Liver, Male, Mammals, Methionine, RNA, Messenger

BACKGROUND: In mammals, the nutritional status experienced during embryonic development shapes key metabolic pathways and influences the health and phenotype of the future individual, a phenomenon known as nutritional programming. In farmed birds as well, the quantity and quality of feed offered to the dam can impact the phenotype of the offspring. We have previously reported that a 38% reduction in the intake of the methyl donor methionine in the diet of 30 female ducks during the growing and laying periods - from 10 to 51 weeks of age - reduced the body weight of their 180 mule ducklings compared to that of 190 ducklings from 30 control females. The maternal dietary methionine restriction also altered the hepatic energy metabolism studied in 30 of their ducklings. Thus, their plasma glucose and triglyceride concentrations were higher while their plasma free fatty acid level was lower than those measured in the plasma of 30 ducklings from the control group. The objective of this new study was to better understand how maternal dietary methionine restriction affected the livers of their newly hatched male and female ducklings by investigating the hepatic expression levels of 100 genes primarily targeting energy metabolism, amino acid transport, oxidative stress, apoptotic activity and susceptibility to liver injury.

RESULTS: Sixteen of the genes studied were differentially expressed between the ducklings from the two groups. Maternal dietary methionine restriction affected the mRNA levels of genes involved in different pathways related to energy metabolism such as glycolysis, lipogenesis or electron transport. Moreover, the mRNA levels of the nuclear receptors PPARGC1B, PPARG and RXRA were also affected.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the 38% reduction in methionine intake in the diet of female ducks during the growing and egg-laying periods impacted the liver transcriptome of their offspring, which may explain the previously observed differences in their liver energy metabolism. These changes in mRNA levels, together with the observed phenotypic data, suggest an early modulation in the establishment of metabolic pathways.

Alternate JournalBMC Genomics
PubMed ID35637448