Multistress effects on goldfish (Carassius auratus) behavior and metabolism.

TitleMultistress effects on goldfish (Carassius auratus) behavior and metabolism.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGandar, A, Jean, S, Canal, J, Marty-Gasset, N, Gilbert, F, Laffaille, P
JournalEnviron Sci Pollut Res Int
Volume23
Issue4
Pagination3184-94
Date Published2016 Feb
ISSN1614-7499
Abstract

Crossed effects between climate change and chemical pollutions were identified on community structure and ecosystem functioning. Temperature rising affects the toxic properties of pollutants and the sensitiveness of organisms to chemicals stress. Inversely, chemical exposure may decrease the capacity of organisms to respond to environmental changes. The aim of our study was to assess the individual and crossed effects of temperature rising and pesticide contamination on fish. Goldfish, Carassius auratus, were exposed during 96 h at two temperatures (22 and 32 °C) to a mixture of common pesticides (S-metolachlor, isoproturon, linuron, atrazine-desethyl, aclonifen, pendimethalin, and tebuconazol) at two environmentally relevant concentrations (total concentrations MIX1 = 8.4 μg L(-1) and MIX2 = 42 μg L(-1)). We investigated the sediment reworking behavior, which has a major ecological functional role. We also focused on three physiological traits from the cellular up to the whole individual level showing metabolic status of fish (protein concentration in liver and muscle, hepatosomatic index, and Fulton's condition factor). Individual thermal stress and low concentrations of pesticides decreased the sediment reworking activity of fish and entrained metabolic compensation with global depletion in energy stores. We found that combined chemical and thermal stresses impaired the capacity of fish to set up an efficient adaptive response. Our results strongly suggest that temperature will make fish more sensitive to water contamination by pesticides, raising concerns about wild fish conservation submitted to global changes.

DOI10.1007/s11356-015-5147-6
Alternate JournalEnviron Sci Pollut Res Int
PubMed ID26272290