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Divergent selection for residual feed intake affects the transcriptomic and proteomic profiles of pig skeletal muscle.

TitleDivergent selection for residual feed intake affects the transcriptomic and proteomic profiles of pig skeletal muscle.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsVincent, A, Louveau, I, Gondret, F, Tréfeu, C, Gilbert, H, Lefaucheur, L
JournalJ Anim Sci
Volume93
Issue6
Pagination2745-58
Date Published2015 Jun
ISSN1525-3163
Abstract

Improving feed efficiency is a relevant strategy to reduce feed cost and environmental waste in livestock production. Selection experiments on residual feed intake (RFI), a measure of feed efficiency, previously indicated that low RFI was associated with lower feed intake, similar growth rate, and greater lean meat content compared with high RFI. To gain insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying these differences, 24 Large White females from 2 lines divergently selected for RFI were examined. Pigs from a low-RFI ("efficient") and high-RFI ("inefficient") line were individually fed ad libitum from 67 d of age (27 kg BW) to slaughter at 115 kg BW (n = 8 per group). Additional pigs of the high-RFI line were feed restricted to the daily feed intake of the ad libitum low-RFI pigs (n = 8) to investigate the impact of selection independently of feed intake. Global gene and protein expression profiles were assessed in the LM collected at slaughter. The analyses involved a porcine commercial microarray and 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis. About 1,000 probes were differentially expressed (P < 0.01) between RFI lines. Only 10% of those probes were also affected by feed restriction. Gene functional classification indicated a greater expression of genes involved in protein synthesis and a lower expression of genes associated with mitochondrial energy metabolism in the low-RFI pigs compared with the high-RFI pigs. At the protein level, 11 unique identified proteins exhibited a differential abundance (P < 0.05) between RFI lines. Differentially expressed proteins were generally not significantly affected by feed restriction. Mitochondrial oxidative proteins such as aconitase hydratase, ATP synthase subunit α, and creatine kinase S-type had a lower abundance in the low-RFI pigs, whereas fructose-biphosphate aldolase A and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, 2 proteins involved in glycolysis, had a greater abundance in those pigs compared with high-RFI pigs. Antioxidant proteins such as superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase 3 at the mRNA level and peroxiredoxin-6 at the protein level were also less expressed in LM of the most efficient pigs, likely related to lower oxidative molecule production. Collectively, both the transcriptomic and proteomic approaches revealed a lower oxidative metabolism in muscle of the low-RFI pigs and all these modifications were largely independent of differences in feed intake.

DOI10.2527/jas.2015-8928
Alternate JournalJ. Anim. Sci.
PubMed ID26115262