Genome-Wide Characterization of RNA Editing in Chicken Embryos Reveals Common Features among Vertebrates.

TitleGenome-Wide Characterization of RNA Editing in Chicken Embryos Reveals Common Features among Vertebrates.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsFrésard, L, Leroux, S, Roux, P-F, Klopp, C, Fabre, S, Esquerré, D, Dehais, P, Djari, A, Gourichon, D, Lagarrigue, S, Pitel, F
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue5
Paginatione0126776
Date Published2015
ISSN1932-6203
Abstract

RNA editing results in a post-transcriptional nucleotide change in the RNA sequence that creates an alternative nucleotide not present in the DNA sequence. This leads to a diversification of transcription products with potential functional consequences. Two nucleotide substitutions are mainly described in animals, from adenosine to inosine (A-to-I) and from cytidine to uridine (C-to-U). This phenomenon is described in more details in mammals, notably since the availability of next generation sequencing technologies allowing whole genome screening of RNA-DNA differences. The number of studies recording RNA editing in other vertebrates like chicken is still limited. We chose to use high throughput sequencing technologies to search for RNA editing in chicken, and to extend the knowledge of its conservation among vertebrates. We performed sequencing of RNA and DNA from 8 embryos. Being aware of common pitfalls inherent to sequence analyses that lead to false positive discovery, we stringently filtered our datasets and found fewer than 40 reliable candidates. Conservation of particular sites of RNA editing was attested by the presence of 3 edited sites previously detected in mammals. We then characterized editing levels for selected candidates in several tissues and at different time points, from 4.5 days of embryonic development to adults, and observed a clear tissue-specificity and a gradual increase of editing level with time. By characterizing the RNA editing landscape in chicken, our results highlight the extent of evolutionary conservation of this phenomenon within vertebrates, attest to its tissue and stage specificity and provide support of the absence of non A-to-I events from the chicken transcriptome.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0126776
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
PubMed ID26024316