Number and mode of inheritance of QTL influencing backfat thickness on SSC2p in Sino-European pig pedigrees.

TitleNumber and mode of inheritance of QTL influencing backfat thickness on SSC2p in Sino-European pig pedigrees.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsTortereau, F, Gilbert, H, Heuven, HCM, Bidanel, J-P, Groenen, MAM, Riquet, J
JournalGenet Sel Evol
Volume43
Pagination11
Date Published2011
ISSN1297-9686
KeywordsAdipose Tissue, Alleles, Analysis of Variance, Animals, Chromosome Mapping, Female, Genomic Imprinting, Genotype, Insulin-Like Growth Factor II, Male, Microsatellite Repeats, Models, Genetic, Pedigree, Quantitative Trait Loci, Sus scrofa
Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the pig, multiple QTL associated with growth and fatness traits have been mapped to chromosome 2 (SSC2) and among these, at least one shows paternal expression due to the IGF2-intron3-G3072A substitution. Previously published results on the position and imprinting status of this QTL disagree between analyses from French and Dutch F2 crossbred pig populations obtained with the same breeds (Meishan crossed with Large White or Landrace).METHODS: To study the role of paternal and maternal alleles at the IGF2 locus and to test the hypothesis of a second QTL affecting backfat thickness on the short arm of SSC2 (SSC2p), a QTL mapping analysis was carried out on a combined pedigree including both the French and Dutch F2 populations, on the progeny of F1 males that were heterozygous (A/G) and homozygous (G/G) at the IGF2 locus. Simulations were performed to clarify the relations between the two QTL and to understand to what extent they can explain the discrepancies previously reported.RESULTS: The QTL analyses showed the segregation of at least two QTL on chromosome 2 in both pedigrees, i.e. the IGF2 locus and a second QTL segregating at least in the G/G F1 males and located between positions 30 and 51 cM. Statistical analyses highlighted that the maternally inherited allele at the IGF2 locus had a significant effect but simulation studies showed that this is probably a spurious effect due to the segregation of the second QTL.CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that two QTL on SSC2p affect backfat thickness. Differences in the pedigree structures and in the number of heterozygous females at the IGF2 locus result in different imprinting statuses in the two pedigrees studied. The spurious effect observed when a maternally allele is present at the IGF2 locus, is in fact due to the presence of a second closely located QTL. This work confirms that pig chromosome 2 is a major region associated with fattening traits.

URLhttp://www.gsejournal.org/content/43/1/11
DOI10.1186/1297-9686-43-11
Alternate JournalGenet. Sel. Evol.
PubMed ID21375775
PubMed Central IDPMC3073881