Fasting/refeeding: an experimental model to study the impact of early thermal manipulation on hepatic metabolism in mule ducks.

TitleFasting/refeeding: an experimental model to study the impact of early thermal manipulation on hepatic metabolism in mule ducks.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsAndrieux, C, Marchand, M, Larroquet, L, Veron, V, Biasutti, S, Barrieu, J, Morganx, P, Morisson, M, Coustham, V, Panserat, S, Houssier, M
JournalAm J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol
Date Published2022 Oct 31

An increase in egg incubation temperature was previously shown to enhance the metabolism of mule ducks and increase liver fattening after overfeeding, through a metabolic programming mechanism. Here we examined whether fasting (F) followed by refeeding (RF) in 11-week-old mule ducks, could become an accelerated model to study the mechanisms of metabolic programming following embryonic thermal manipulation. This study investigated the hepatic response of mule ducks subjected to 23 hours of fasting and 1 hour of refeeding, in control or thermally programmed animals (with an increase of 1°C, 16h per day from day 13 to 27 of embryogenesis). Liver weight and energy composition, hepatocyte structure, plasma parameters and gene expression levels were measured at 1, 2, and 4 hours after RF. All these parameters were strongly affected by RF, while significant impacts of embryonic programming were measured in cell size (+1 µm on average), lipid composition (+ 4.2 % of saturated fatty acids 4h after the meal), and relative gene expressions (including HK1, SCD1, ELOVL6 and FASN). In addition to confirming previously identified molecular targets of thermal manipulation, this study revealed new ones, thanks to kinetic sampling after RF. Finally, the detailed description of the impact of the F/RF challenge on the liver structure, composition and gene expression, but also on plasma parameters allowed us to draw a parallel with these same traits measured during overfeeding. This comparative analysis suggests that this protocol could become a pertinent model to study the mechanisms involved in embryonic liver thermal programming, without overfeeding.

Alternate JournalAm J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol
PubMed ID36315183
Grant ListCIFOG agreement 2021/15 / / Comite Interprofessionnel des Palmipedes a Foie gras (CIFOG) /
Salary support / / Comite Departemental des Landes /