Fluorometric determination of isocitrate dehydrogenase (EC; 1; NADP dependent) in ruminant milk.

TitleFluorometric determination of isocitrate dehydrogenase (EC; 1; NADP dependent) in ruminant milk.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsLarsen, T, Rupp, R, Friggens, NC, Pires, JAA
Date Published2022 Jul 20

The enzyme isocitrate dehydrogenase (EC; 1; NADP dependent) located in the mammary cell cytosol mediates the synthesis of the majority of reducing equivalents for the energetically demanding milk fat and cholesterol synthesis in mammary cell cytosol. The present article presents a novel fluorometric method for quantification of the activity of this enzyme (IDH) in ruminant milk without pretreatment of the sample. Further, 493 goat milk samples - harvested before, during and after a nutritional restriction - were analysed for IDH activity i) with addition of extra substrate (isocitrate), and ii) with the intrinsic isocitrate solely. The IDH activity ranged from 0.22 to 15.4 units [nano moles product/(ml * min)] (un-supplemented) and from 0.22 to 45.6 units (isocitrate supplemented). The IDH activity increased considerably in milk during the nutritional restriction period concomitant with the increase in the metabolite isocitrate concentration and somatic cell count and returned to the initial level shortly after restriction period. The present 'high through-put' analytical method may be beneficial in future studies to phenotype modifications in mammary energy metabolism and milk fat synthesis, for which IDH activity may be a biomarker.

Alternate JournalAnimal
PubMed ID35870267