A high-quality functional genome assembly of Delia radicum L. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) annotated from egg to adult.

TitleA high-quality functional genome assembly of Delia radicum L. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) annotated from egg to adult.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsSontowski, R, Poeschl, Y, Okamura, Y, Vogel, H, Guyomar, C, Cortesero, A-M, van Dam, NM
JournalMol Ecol Resour
Date Published2022 Feb 10

Belowground herbivores are overseen and underestimated, even though they can cause significant economic losses in agriculture. The cabbage root fly Delia radicum (Anthomyiidae) is a common pest in Brassica species, including agriculturally important crops, such as oilseed rape. The damage is caused by the larvae, which feed specifically on the taproots of Brassica plants until they pupate. The adults are aboveground-living generalists feeding on pollen and nectar. Female flies are attracted by chemical cues in Brassica plants for oviposition. An assembled and annotated genome can elucidate which genetic mechanisms underlie the adaptation of D. radicum to its host plants and their specific chemical defenses, in particular isothiocyanates. Therefore, we assembled, annotated and analyzed the D. radicum genome using a combination of different Next Generation Sequencing and bioinformatic approaches. We assembled a chromosome-level D. radicum genome using PacBio and Hi-C Illumina sequence data. Combining Canu and 3D-DNA genome assembler, we constructed a 1.3 Gbp genome with an N50 of 242 Mbp and 6 pseudo-chromosomes. To annotate the assembled D. radicum genome, we combined homology-, transcriptome- and ab initio-prediction approaches. In total, we annotated 13,618 genes that were predicted by at least two approaches. We analyzed egg, larval, pupal and adult transcriptomes in relation to life-stage specific molecular functions. This high-quality annotated genome of D. radicum is a first step to understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying host plant adaptation. As such, it will be an important resource to find novel and sustainable approaches to reduce crop losses to these pests.

Alternate JournalMol Ecol Resour
PubMed ID35146928