Circulating miRNA repertoire as a biomarker of metabolic and reproductive states in rainbow trout.

TitleCirculating miRNA repertoire as a biomarker of metabolic and reproductive states in rainbow trout.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsCardona, E, Guyomar, C, Desvignes, T, Montfort, J, Guendouz, S, Postlethwait, JH, Skiba-Cassy, S, Bobe, J
JournalBMC Biol
Date Published2021 Nov 16

BACKGROUND: Circulating miRNAs (c-miRNAs) are found in most, if not all, biological fluids and are becoming well-established non-invasive biomarkers of many human pathologies. However, their features in non-pathological contexts and whether their expression profiles reflect normal life history events have received little attention, especially in non-mammalian species. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of c-miRNAs to serve as biomarkers of reproductive and metabolic states in fish.

RESULTS: The blood plasma was sampled throughout the reproductive cycle of female rainbow trout subjected to two different feeding regimes that triggered contrasting metabolic states. In addition, ovarian fluid was sampled at ovulation, and all samples were subjected to small RNA-seq analysis, leading to the establishment of a comprehensive miRNA repertoire (i.e., miRNAome) and enabling subsequent comparative analyses to a panel of RNA-seq libraries from a wide variety of tissues and organs. We showed that biological fluid miRNAomes are complex and encompass a high proportion of the overall rainbow trout miRNAome. While sharing a high proportion of common miRNAs, the blood plasma and ovarian fluid miRNAomes exhibited strong fluid-specific signatures. We further revealed that the blood plasma miRNAome significantly changed depending on metabolic and reproductive states. We subsequently identified three evolutionarily conserved muscle-specific miRNAs or myomiRs (miR-1-1/2-3p, miR-133a-1/2-3p, and miR-206-3p) that accumulated in the blood plasma in response to high feeding rates, making these myomiRs strong candidate biomarkers of active myogenesis. We also identified miR-202-5p as a candidate biomarker for reproductive success that could be used to predict ovulation and/or egg quality.

CONCLUSIONS: Together, these promising results reveal the high potential of c-miRNAs, including evolutionarily conserved myomiRs, as physiologically relevant biomarker candidates and pave the way for the use of c-miRNAs for non-invasive phenotyping in various fish species.

Alternate JournalBMC Biol
PubMed ID34781956
PubMed Central IDPMC8594080
Grant ListPhenomiR / / European Maritime and Fisheries Fund /
ANR-16-CE20-0001 / / Agence Nationale de la Recherche /
PLR-1543383 / / National Science Foundation /
R01 OD011116 / NH / NIH HHS / United States