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Compositional analysis of ruminal bacteria from ewes selected for somatic cell score and milk persistency.

TitleCompositional analysis of ruminal bacteria from ewes selected for somatic cell score and milk persistency.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBoggio, GMartinez, Meynadier, A, Daunis-I-Estadella, P, Marie-Etancelin, C
JournalPLoS One
Volume16
Issue7
Paginatione0254874
Date Published2021
ISSN1932-6203
Abstract

Ruminants are dependent on their rumen microbiota to obtain energy from plants. The composition of the microbiome was well-known to be associated with health status, and production traits, but published results are difficult to reproduce due to large sources of variation. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the associations of ruminal microbiota and its association with genetic lines selected by somatic cell score (SCS) or milk persistency (PERS), as well as milk production, somatic cell score, fat and protein contents, and fatty acids and proteins of milk, using the principles of compositional data. A large sample of 700 Lacaune dairy ewes from INRAE La Fage feeding the same diet and belonging to two divergent genetic lines selected for SCS or PERS was used. The ruminal bacterial metagenome was sequenced using the 16S rRNA gene, resulting in 2,059 operational taxonomic units affiliated with 112 genera. The abundance data were centred log-transformed after the replacement of zeros with the geometric Bayesian method. Discriminant analysis of the SCS showed differences between SCS+ and SCS- ewes, while for PERS no difference was obtained. Milk traits as fat content, protein content, saturated fatty acids and caseins of milk were negatively associated with Prevotella (R = [-0.08;-0.16]), Suttonella (R = [-0.09;-0.16]) and Ruminococcus (R = [-0.08;-0.16]), and positively associated with Lachnospiraceae (R = [0.09;0.16]) and Christensenellaceae (R = [0.09;0.16]). Our findings provide an understanding of the application of compositional data to microbiome analysis, and the potential association of Prevotella, Suttonella, Ruminococcaceae and Lachnospiraceae with milk production traits such as milk fatty acids and proteins in dairy sheep.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0254874
Alternate JournalPLoS One
PubMed ID34310617
PubMed Central IDPMC8312953