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Microbiota Changes Due to Grape Seed Extract Diet Improved Intestinal Homeostasis and Decreased Fatness in Parental Broiler Hens.

TitleMicrobiota Changes Due to Grape Seed Extract Diet Improved Intestinal Homeostasis and Decreased Fatness in Parental Broiler Hens.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsGrandhaye, J, Douard, V, Rodriguez-Mateos, A, Xu, Y, Cheok, A, Riva, A, Guabiraba, R, Zemb, O, Philippe, C, Monnoye, M, Staub, C, Venturi, E, Barbe, A, Ramé, C, Dupont, J, Froment, P
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume8
Issue8
Date Published2020 Jul 28
ISSN2076-2607
Abstract

In poultry, the selection of broilers for growth performance has induced a deterioration in the health of the parental hens associated with poor reproductive efficiency. To improve these parameters, we administered to laying parental broiler hens a regular diet supplemented or not (Control) with a moderate (1%) or a high level (2%) of grape seed extract (GSE). The 1% GSE diet was administered from a young age (from 4 to 40 weeks of age) and the high level of 2% GSE was administered only during a 2-week period (from 38 to 40 weeks of age) in the laying period. The analysis of 40-week-old hens showed that 2% GSE displayed a reduction in the fat tissue and an improvement in fertility with heavier and more resistant eggs. Seven monomer phenolic metabolites of GSE were significantly measured in the plasma of the 2% GSE hens. GSE supplementation increased the relative abundance of the following bacteria populations: and . In conclusion, a supplementation period of only 2 weeks with 2% GSE is sufficient to improve the metabolic and laying parameters of breeder hens through a modification in the microbiota.

DOI10.3390/microorganisms8081141
Alternate JournalMicroorganisms
PubMed ID32731511
PubMed Central IDPMC7465624
Grant ListOxyferti / / Conseil Régional du Centre-Val de Loire /