Genome-Wide Identification of a Regulatory Mutation in BMP15 Controlling Prolificacy in Sheep.

TitleGenome-Wide Identification of a Regulatory Mutation in BMP15 Controlling Prolificacy in Sheep.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsChantepie, L, Bodin, L, Sarry, J, Woloszyn, F, Plisson-Petit, F, Ruesche, J, Drouilhet, L, Fabre, S
JournalFront Genet
Volume11
Pagination585
Date Published2020
ISSN1664-8021
Abstract

The search for the genetic determinism of prolificacy variability in sheep has evidenced several major mutations in genes playing a crucial role in the control of ovulation rate. In the Noire du Velay (NV) sheep population, a recent genetic study has evidenced the segregation of such a mutation named . However, based on litter size (LS) records of non-carrier ewes, the segregation of a second prolificacy major mutation was suspected in this population. In order to identify this mutation, we have combined a case/control genome-wide association study with ovine 50k SNP chip genotyping, whole genome sequencing, and functional analyses. A new single nucleotide polymorphism (OARX:50977717T > A, NC_019484) located on the X chromosome upstream of the gene was evidenced to be highly associated with the prolificacy variability ( = 1.93E-11). The variant allele was called and shown to segregate also in the Blanche du Massif Central (BMC) sheep population. In both NV and BMC, the allele frequency was estimated close to 0.10, and its effect on LS was estimated at +0.20 lamb per lambing at the heterozygous state. Homozygous carrier ewes were fertile with increased prolificacy in contrast to numerous mutations affecting . At the molecular level, was shown to decrease promoter activity and supposed to impact expression in the oocyte. This regulatory action was proposed as the causal mechanism for the mutation to control ovulation rate and prolificacy in sheep.

DOI10.3389/fgene.2020.00585
Alternate JournalFront Genet
PubMed ID32636872
PubMed Central IDPMC7317000