H-NMR metabolomics response to a realistic diet contamination with the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol: Effect of probiotics supplementation.

TitleH-NMR metabolomics response to a realistic diet contamination with the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol: Effect of probiotics supplementation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsAlassane-Kpembi, I, Canlet, C, Tremblay-Franco, M, Jourdan, F, Chalzaviel, M, Pinton, P, Cossalter, AMarie, Achard, C, Castex, M, Combes, S, Bracarense, APaula L, Oswald, IP
JournalFood Chem Toxicol
Volume138
Pagination111222
Date Published2020 Apr
ISSN1873-6351
Abstract

Low-level contamination of food and feed by deoxynivalenol (DON) is unavoidable. We investigated the effects of subclinical treatment with DON, and supplementation with probiotic yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii I1079 as a preventive strategy in piglets. Thirty-six animals were randomly assigned to either a control diet, a diet contaminated with DON (3 mg/kg), a diet supplemented with yeast (4 × 10 CFU/kg), or a DON-contaminated diet supplemented with yeast, for four weeks. Plasma and tissue samples were collected for biochemical analysis,H-NMR untargeted metabolomics, and histology. DON induced no significant modifications in biochemical parameters. However, lesion scores were higher and metabolomics highlighted alterations of amino acid and 2-oxocarboxylic acid metabolism. Administering yeast affected aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis and amino acid and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Yeast supplementation of piglets exposed to DON prevented histological alterations, and partial least square discriminant analysis emphasised similarity between the metabolic profiles of their plasma and that of the control group. The effect on liver metabolome remained marginal, indicating that the toxicity of the mycotoxin was not eliminated. These findings show that the H-NMR metabolomics profile is a reliable biomarker to assess subclinical exposure to DON, and that supplementation with S. cerevisiae boulardii increases the resilience of piglets to this mycotoxin.

DOI10.1016/j.fct.2020.111222
Alternate JournalFood Chem. Toxicol.
PubMed ID32145353