Avian Expression Patterns and Genomic Mapping Implicate Leptin in Digestion and TNF Signaling, Suggesting that Their Interacting Adipokine Role is Unique to Mammals.

TitleAvian Expression Patterns and Genomic Mapping Implicate Leptin in Digestion and TNF Signaling, Suggesting that Their Interacting Adipokine Role is Unique to Mammals.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSeroussi, E, Knytl, M, Pitel, F, Elleder, D, Krylov, V, Leroux, S, Morisson, M, Yosefi, S, Miyara, S, Ganesan, S, Ruzal, M, Andersson, L, Friedman-Einat, M
JournalInt J Mol Sci
Volume20
Issue18
Date Published2019 Sep 11
ISSN1422-0067
Abstract

In mammals, leptin and tumor-necrosis factor (TNF) are prominent interacting adipokines mediating appetite control and insulin sensitivity. While TNF pleiotropically functions in immune defense and cell survival, leptin is largely confined to signaling energy stores in adipocytes. Knowledge about the function of avian leptin and TNF is limited and they are absent or lowly expressed in adipose, respectively. Employing radiation-hybrid mapping and FISH-TSA, we mapped and its syntenic genes to chicken chromosome 16 within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region. This mapping position suggests that avian TNF has a role in regulating immune response. To test its possible interaction with leptin within the immune system and beyond, we compared the transcription patterns of , leptin and their cognate receptors obtained by meta-analysis of GenBank RNA-seq data. While expression of leptin and its receptor () were detected in the brain and digestive tract, and its receptor mRNAs were primarily found in viral-infected and LPS-treated leukocytes. We confirmed leptin expression in the duodenum by immunohistochemistry staining. Altogether, we suggest that whereas leptin and TNF interact as adipokines in mammals, in birds, they have distinct roles. Thus, the interaction between leptin and TNF may be unique to mammals.

DOI10.3390/ijms20184489
Alternate JournalInt J Mol Sci
PubMed ID31514326
Grant ListNPU I No. LO1419 / / Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic /
1294/17 / / Israel Science Foundation /