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A Unified Model for Inclusive Inheritance in Livestock Species.

TitleA Unified Model for Inclusive Inheritance in Livestock Species.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsDavid, I, Ricard, A
JournalGenetics
Volume212
Issue4
Pagination1075-1099
Date Published2019 08
ISSN1943-2631
Abstract

For years, animal selection in livestock species has been performed by selecting animals based on genetic inheritance. However, evolutionary studies have reported that nongenetic information that drives natural selection can also be inherited across generations (epigenetic, microbiota, environmental inheritance). In response to this finding, the concept of inclusive heritability, which combines all sources of information inherited across generations, was developed. To better predict the transmissible potential of each animal by taking into account these diverse sources of inheritance and improve selection in livestock species, we propose the "transmissibility model." Similarly to the animal model, this model uses pedigree and phenotypic information to estimate variance components and predict the transmissible potential of an individual, but differs by estimating the path coefficients of inherited information from parent to offspring instead of using a set value of 0.5 for both the sire and the dam (additive genetic relationship matrix). We demonstrated the structural identifiability of the transmissibility model, and performed a practical identifiability and power study of the model. We also performed simulations to compare the performances of the animal and transmissibility models for estimating the covariances between relatives and predicting the transmissible potential under different combinations of sources of inheritance. The transmissibility model provided similar results to the animal model when inheritance was of genetic origin only, but outperformed the animal model for estimating the covariances between relatives and predicting the transmissible potential when the proportion of inheritance of nongenetic origin was high or when the sire and dam path coefficients were very different.

DOI10.1534/genetics.119.302375
Alternate JournalGenetics
PubMed ID31209104
PubMed Central IDPMC6707455