The MACADAM database: a MetAboliC pAthways DAtabase for Microbial taxonomic groups for mining potential metabolic capacities of archaeal and bacterial taxonomic groups.

TitleThe MACADAM database: a MetAboliC pAthways DAtabase for Microbial taxonomic groups for mining potential metabolic capacities of archaeal and bacterial taxonomic groups.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsLe Boulch, M, Dehais, P, Combes, S, Pascal, G
JournalDatabase (Oxford)
Volume2019
Date Published2019 Jan 01
ISSN1758-0463
Abstract

Progress in genome sequencing and bioinformatics opens up new possibilities, including that of correlating genome annotations with functional information such as metabolic pathways. Thanks to the development of functional annotation databases, scientists are able to link genome annotations with functional annotations. We present MetAboliC pAthways DAtabase for Microbial taxonomic groups (MACADAM) here, a user-friendly database that makes it possible to find presence/absence/completeness statistics for metabolic pathways at a given microbial taxonomic position. For each prokaryotic 'RefSeq complete genome', MACADAM builds a pathway genome database (PGDB) using Pathway Tools software based on MetaCyc data that includes metabolic pathways as well as associated metabolites, reactions and enzymes. To ensure the highest quality of the genome functional annotation data, MACADAM also contains MicroCyc, a manually curated collection of PGDBs; Functional Annotation of Prokaryotic Taxa (FAPROTAX), a manually curated functional annotation database; and the IJSEM phenotypic database. The MACADAM database contains 13 509 PGDBs (13 195 bacterial and 314 archaeal), 1260 unique metabolic pathways, completed with 82 functional annotations from FAPROTAX and 16 from the IJSEM phenotypic database. MACADAM contains a total of 7921 metabolites, 592 enzymatic reactions, 2134 EC numbers and 7440 enzymes. MACADAM can be queried at any rank of the NCBI taxonomy (from phyla to species). It provides the possibility to explore functional information completed with metabolites, enzymes, enzymatic reactions and EC numbers. MACADAM returns a tabulated file containing a list of pathways with two scores (pathway score and pathway frequency score) that are present in the queried taxa. The file also contains the names of the organisms in which the pathways are found and the metabolic hierarchy associated with the pathways. Finally, MACADAM can be downloaded as a single file and queried with SQLite or python command lines or explored through a web interface.

DOI10.1093/database/baz049
Alternate JournalDatabase (Oxford)
PubMed ID31032842
PubMed Central IDPMC6487390