|Title||Molecular evidence that follicle development is accelerated in vitro compared to in vivo.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Cadoret, V, Frapsauce, C, Jarrier, P, Maillard, V, Bonnet, A, Locatelli, Y, Royère, D, Monniaux, D, Guérif, F, Monget, P|
|Date Published||2017 May|
In this study, we systematically compared the morphological, functional and molecular characteristics of granulosa cells and oocytes obtained by a three-dimensional in vitro model of ovine ovarian follicular growth with those of follicles recovered in vivo Preantral follicles of 200 µm diameter were recovered and cultured up to 950 µm over a 20-day period. Compared with in vivo follicles, the in vitro culture conditions maintained follicle survival, with no difference in the rate of atresia. However, the in vitro conditions induced a slight decrease in oocyte growth rate, delayed antrum formation and increased granulosa cell proliferation rate, accompanied by an increase and decrease in CCND2 and CDKN1A mRNA expression respectively. These changes were associated with advanced granulosa cell differentiation in early antral follicles larger than 400 µm diameter, regardless of the presence or absence of FSH, as indicated by an increase in estradiol secretion, together with decreased AMH secretion and expression, as well as increased expression of GJA1, CYP19A1, ESR1, ESR2, FSHR, INHA, INHBA, INHBB and FST There was a decrease in the expression of oocyte-specific molecular markers GJA4, KIT, ZP3, WEE2 and BMP15 in vitro compared to that in vivo Moreover, a higher percentage of the oocytes recovered from cultured follicles 550 to 950 µm in diameter was able to reach the metaphase II meiosis stage. Overall, this in vitro model of ovarian follicle development is characterized by accelerated follicular maturation, associated with improved developmental competence of the oocyte, compared to follicles recovered in vivo.