|Title||Alternative SNP weighting for single-step genomic best linear unbiased predictor evaluation of stature in US Holsteins in the presence of selected sequence variants.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Fragomeni, BO, Lourenco, DAL, Legarra, A, VanRaden, PM, Misztal, I|
|Journal||J Dairy Sci|
|Date Published||2019 Nov|
Causal variants inferred from sequence data analysis are expected to increase accuracy of genomic selection. In this work we evaluated the gain in reliability of genomic predictions, for stature in US Holsteins, when adding selected sequence variants to a pre-existent SNP chip. Two prediction methods were tested: de-regressed proofs assuming heterogeneous (genomic BLUP; GBLUP) residual variances and by single-step GBLUP (ssGBLUP) using actual phenotypes. Phenotypic data included 3,999,631 records for stature on 3,027,304 Holstein cows. Genotypes on 54,087 SNP markers (54k) were available for 26,877 bulls. Additionally, 16,648 selected sequence variants were combined with the 54k markers, for a total of 70,735 (70k) markers. In all methods, SNP in the genomic relationship matrix (G) were unweighted or weighted iteratively, with weights derived either by SNP effects squared or by a nonlinear method that resembles BayesA (nonlinear A). Reliability of genomic predictions were obtained by cross validation. With unweighted G derived from 54k markers, the reliabilities (× 100) were 72.4 for GBLUP and 75.3 for ssGBLUP. With unweighted G derived from 70k markers, the reliabilities were 73.4 and 76.0, respectively. Weighting by nonlinear A changed reliabilities to 73.3, and 75.9, respectively. Addition of selected sequence variants had a small effect on reliabilities. Weighting by quadratic functions reduced reliabilities. Weighting by nonlinear A increased reliabilities for GBLUP but had only a small effect in ssGBLUP. Reliabilities for direct genomic values extracted from ssGBLUP using unweighted G with 54k were higher than reliabilities by any GBLUP. Thus, ssGBLUP seems to capture more information than GBLUP and there is less room for extra reliability. Improvements in GBLUP may be because the weights in G change the covariance structure, which can explain a proportion of the variance that is accounted for when a heterogeneous residual variance is assumed by considering a different number of daughters per bull.
|Alternate Journal||J. Dairy Sci.|