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Coccidiostatic effects of tannin-rich diets in rabbit production.

TitleCoccidiostatic effects of tannin-rich diets in rabbit production.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLegendre, H, Saratsi, K, Voutzourakis, N, Saratsis, A, Stefanakis, A, Gombault, P, Hoste, H, Gidenne, T, Sotiraki, S
JournalParasitol Res
Volume117
Issue12
Pagination3705-3713
Date Published2018 Dec
ISSN1432-1955
Abstract

The potential anti-eimerial effect of tannin containing resources such as sainfoin and carob in rabbits was tested on does at pre-weaning and to growing rabbits in their feed. The trial began at parturition (D0), when 24 does and their litters were assigned into three groups. They were fed either with a control (Group CO), a carob (containing 10% carob pods meal) (Group CP) or a sainfoin diet (containing 34% dehydrated sainfoin pellets) (Group SA). All diets were made isoproteic and isoenergetic and also balanced for crude fibre but differed by their tannin content. Weaning occurred at D37, and growing rabbits remained in the same cage until D51. Then, they were transferred to fattening cages until the end of the trial (D104) and slaughtering. Weight gain of young rabbits among the three groups (mean = 31.2 g/day) did not differ statistically. The mortality rates were 10% (SA), 15% (CP) and 20% (CO), respectively, but the differences were not statistically significant. Post-weaning economical feed conversion ratio (FCR) was reduced between rabbits of group SA compared to CO and CP groups. Faecal oocyst count (FOC) in group SA was 60% lower than in CO and CP groups. Areas under the curve (AUCs) calculated between sampling days and FOC, after transfer to fattening cages, was 62% lower in group SA than in CO and CP groups. The main Eimeria species identified (from D59 to D83) was Eimeria magna (53% of oocysts). AUCs for E. magna did not differ according to diet. In conclusion, the diet containing sainfoin reduced oocyst excretion of Eimeria spp. by 60%, and improved the economical FCR.

DOI10.1007/s00436-018-6069-2
Alternate JournalParasitol. Res.
PubMed ID30229294