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Effects of pH and fermentative substrate on ruminal metabolism of fatty acids during short-term in vitro incubation.

TitleEffects of pH and fermentative substrate on ruminal metabolism of fatty acids during short-term in vitro incubation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTroegeler-Meynadier, A, Palagiano, C, Enjalbert, F
JournalJ Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)
Volume98
Issue4
Pagination704-13
Date Published2014 Aug
ISSN1439-0396
KeywordsAnimal Feed, Animals, Body Fluids, Cattle, Fatty Acids, Female, Fermentation, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Models, Biological, Poaceae, Rumen, Starch
Abstract

The ruminal biohydrogenation of c9,c12-18:2 can be affected by the fibre/starch ratio of the diet and the ruminal pH. The objectives of this study were to examine independently in vitro the effects of fermentation substrate (hay vs. corn starch) and buffer pH (6 vs. 7) on the biohydrogenation of c9,c12-18:2 carried out by grape seed oil, focusing on its t11 and t10 pathways, using 6-h ruminal incubations. The experimental design was a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Fermentation substrate and pH affected the C18 fatty acid balance in incubated media, but few interactions were observed. Compared with starch, hay as the fermentation substrate favoured the production of 18:0 (×2.3), all trans-18:1 isomers (×12.6) and CLA (×6.1), except c9,t11-CLA, and the disappearance of unsaturated C18 fatty acids, but decreased the production of odd and branched chain fatty acids. Compared with pH 6 buffer, pH 7 buffer resulted in higher c9,c12-18:2 disappearance and CLA production. For c9,t11-CLA, an interaction was noticed between the two factors, leading to the highest production in cultures incubated on hay with the 7 pH buffer. Compared with starch, hay as fermentation substrate favoured the activity of t11 producers, which are fibrolytic bacteria, and the production of t10 isomers, possibly due to the presence of potential t10 producers in hay. Low pH resulted in a decreased t11 isomers production and in a slightly increased t10 isomers production, probably due to a modulation of enzymatic or bacterial activity.

DOI10.1111/jpn.12128
Alternate JournalJ Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)
PubMed ID24021056