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Studies of male and female meiosis in inv(4)(p1.4;q2.3) pig carriers

TitleStudies of male and female meiosis in inv(4)(p1.4;q2.3) pig carriers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMassip, K, Yerle, M, Billon, Y, Ferchaud, S, Bonnet, N, Calgaro, A, Mary, N, Dudez, AM, Sentenac, C, Plard, C, Ducos, A, Pinton, A
JournalChromosome Res
Volume18
Pagination925-38
KeywordsAnimals Chromosome Inversion Chromosome Pairing Chromosome Segregation Female Heterozygote In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence Male Meiosis Oocytes Spermatogenesis Spermatozoa Swine
Abstract

Inversions are well-known structural chromosomal rearrangements in humans and pigs. Such rearrangements generally have no effect on the carrier’s phenotype. However, the presence of an inversion may impair spermatogenesis and lead to the production of recombinant gametes, responsible for early miscarriages, stillbirth, or congenital abnormalities. This is the first report on meiotic segregation and pairing behavior of the inv(4)(p1.4;q2.3) pericentric inversion in pigs. Despite the very large size of the inverted fragment (76% of the chromosome), SpermFISH results showed that only 4.08% of the gametes produced by male heterozygotes were unbalanced. This low proportion could be explained by the particular behavior of normal and inverted SSC4 chromosomes during the initial stages of meiosis. Indeed, immunohistochemistry analyses revealed that heterosynapsis occurred in 92% of the cells, whereas synaptic adjustment was detected in a few spermatocytes only. Unexpectedly, the proportion of unbalanced gametes produced by female heterozygotes, estimated by FISH on metaphase II oocytes, was also very low (3.69%) and comparable to that in males. According to previous results for male and female meiotic processes, different proportions of recombinant gametes in the two genders would have been expected. Complementary studies should be carried out to further document the meiotic behavior of inversions in pigs.